Two topics are generally considered to start a conversation and to avoid in any conversation. on a sly situation, at repast or among strangers. If you sternly believe them to be Politics and Religion, come on, you are one hundred percent right. Of course, the political scenario across the globe in many countries are not so very exciting to talk about. So, let us look at the most followed Religions & some Religion Quotes
What is a religion? Why is it a faux pas to alternate at any get-togethers or in a group? What makes people believe in religion or what makes them not to believe and why?
Religions are people’s identification. Religion has a greater impact on the global evolution, from war to peace, history to the thought process, a law to philosophy and very many things. We keenly observe the practices mentioned in the religious books.
With a definition, “Religions are shared collections of transcendental beliefs that have been passed on from believers to converts, that are held by adherents to be actively meaningful and serious and either based on
(1) formally documented doctrine (organized religion)
(2) established cultural practices (folk religion)
The emergence of religions in the world is termed as axial age – the period when some parallel religious breakthrough happened across the globe, preferably during 800 – 600 BCE. 2 Religions of the world can be traced back to two sources: The Abrahamic religions and the Eastern religions.
The Abrahamic religions:
- Baha’i Faith
- Druze., etc.
While India is a country of origin for other majorly followed religions like:
Other major religions:
The Confucianism came from the Chinese and Shintoism from the Japanese.
If ardent religious believers need planning on accomplishing the enlightenment, attain paradise, alternately unite the universe, the commons are obsessive of their convictions in their religion not just to say who they are but what they are and from where they come from. With over thousands of religions – major and minor, being followed across the globe, join us as we pick up the top ten most popular religions in the world and unravel their origins and the astonishing numbers of following people.
In general, there are a lot of countries in the world where people without religion including atheists and agnostics form a sizeable population.
Some of the countries without religion including atheists include
- Czech Republic (78%)
- Estonia (76%)
- Japan (76%)
“ Religion is the clearest telescope through which we can behold the beauties of creation and the good of our Creator “
-WILLIAM SCOTT DOWNEY
In The Article
By 2016, Christianity will be the most followed religion in the world, says research groups. As a result, according to Pew Research Centre projections, the Christians account for 3.1 billion or 32% of the total population.
Founded over 2000 years ago in what is now Israel, Christianity asserts that there is only one God promised to send his son to ail the needy people and poor in the world and the son is Jesus.
The popularity of Christianity in the United States
In the United States, more than 62% of people polled stated that they were members of a religious congregation, and most of them belong to a church congregation.
The world’s largest Christian population is in America followed in the second spot by Brazil and Mexico.
The Church and the Prayer halls.
The Crucifixion of Lord Jesus Christ on the cross and the Resurrection on the third day.
They follow the scripture of Holy Bible with Old and New Testaments.
- Good Friday
- All Souls day
Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one’s life for one’s friends.John 15:13 – The Holy Bible
The Christian holy days such as Christmas, Easter, Good Friday are celebrated in a grand manner. The Holy Trinity of Christianism is Father – Son and the Holy Spirit. Christian prayers end in Amen – meaning so be it – The Holy Bible
With God, all things are possible. ~ Mark 10:27 – The Holy Bible
According to some research groups, by the year 2016, Islam will be the second religion amongst world religions, that is most followed. In their report, the Pew Research Centre had stated that the Muslim religion population is 1.7 billion or 23% of the world population.
Reports from the same study suggest that there is an exponential growth in the population of Muslims and soon it will the highest followed religion amongst world religions.
Specifically, Indonesia has the world’s largest Muslim population at 209 million followed by India at 176 million. The largest Muslim population live between Turkey and Indonesia covering 62% of the total Muslim population.
Founded over 1500 years ago in what is now called the Middle East Countries or Saudi Arabia, the Muslims follow the preaching of Holy Prophet Muhammad PBUH which is called as-Sunnah. Their God is Allah.
A true Islamic believer is the one who follows nothing but the Quran and follows every principle laid down by Allah. In other words, an Islamic believer or Momin in Arabic refers to a person who completely submits himself to the true Will of Allah.
The rigorous monotheism, called tawḥīd and the religious wars called jihad.
They follow the holy scripts of Quran Pak
For Muslims, Ramadan is their holy month and they observe important festivals like Eid al-Fitr on the 1st of Shawwal, marking the end of the fasting month Ramadan, and Eid al-Adha on the 10th of Dhu al-Hijjah, coinciding with the end of the Hajj pilgrimage.
Their Duas end with Ameen.
“O You who believe! Enter absolutely into peace (Islam). Do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is an outright enemy to you.” (Holy Quran: 2, 208)
“Say, He is God, the One and Only; God, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him” (112:1-4)
By 2016, Hindus across the world are almost 1 billion over 15% population following and Hinduism is the third most followed religion. This is said to be the oldest and biggest religion in the world not knowing the early followers.
Various cultures and way of life and traditions are regarded to be fused in Hinduism. It is said to originate in what is now called the India, Nepal, Mauritius, the Caribbean, and Bali in Indonesia.
- Vedas and Upanishads
- The Bhagavad Gita
- The Agamas
The holy place of worship is Temple.
Pilgrimage is not mandatory in this religion yet a lot of pilgrim places like Kasi, Gaya, Rameshwaram remain to be considered as worship places by all the followers of Hinduism.
The Hindus believe in a concept called Purusarthas – the goals of life namely Dharma(Duties), Artha (the meaning), Kama (the desire) and Moksha(salvation).
The holy trinity is Brahma – the creator,
Vishnu – The protector and Maha Siva – the destroyer.
- Makara Sankranti
You are what your deep, driving desire is.As your desire is, so is your will.As your will is, so is your deed.As your deed is, so is your destiny. [ BrihadaranyakaIV.4.5 ]
Of everything, he is the inmost Self. He is the truth; he is the Self-supreme. (Chandogya Upanishad)
Buddhism is followed over 400 million people around the world. The word comes from ‘buddhi’, ‘to awaken’. It has its origins about 2,500 years ago in what is now called India. The founder of the religion is Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha. He founded the religion at his age of 35 before which he was the king of Hindustan reign.
These holy places for Buddhists are spread across India and Nepal.
- Samsara (worldly life)
- Dukkha (endless pain)
- Life revolves in these four stages and liberation from this cycle is ‘Enlightenment’ – Nirvana.
- The Tripitaka
- Fhammapada Samyutta-Nikaya
- Magha Puja Day and Sangha Day
- Buddhist New Year
- Dharma Day
- Parinirvana Day
All Experiences are preceded by mind, having mind as their master, created by the mind. The Buddha.Dhammapada
You will not be punished for your anger, you will be punished by your anger. Gotama Buddha
Began 500 years ago, it was founded by Guru Nanak in what is called as the modern day’s Pakistan or the olden days’ Hindustan. Sikh traces its etymology to ancient Sanskrit śiṣya meaning “learner,”
There is no other place of rest, none at all, except Naam, the Name of God. One attains success and salvation. All tasks perfectly resolve (Guru Granth Sahib Ji, 1341). The founder of this religion is buried in Nankana Sahib in the present-day Pakistan.
As the birthplace of several world religions, the Indian sub-continent is home to countless sacred and holy sites
- The Sikhism are equality of all mankind
- selfless acts of service to others
- social justice
- Unity all done in the name of God
The sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib or the AdiGranth.
- Bandi Chhor Divas
- Hola Mohalla
The God is the God of no religion and Brotherhood is the theme.
Union with God is not obtained by arguments and egotism. But by offering your mind, the comfort of Naam is achieved. If occupied with duality and ignorance, you shall suffer. Without money, you cannot buy anything in the store. Without a boat, you cannot cross the ocean. Without serving the Guru, you are at loss (Guru Granth Sahib Ji, 226).
God is one and all is one. We are all one and God is within us all. We believe in equality for the human race know matter what walk of life you are from, we are all equal man and woman. – Guru Nanak
It is another ancient monotheistic Abrahamic religion and the history spans more than 3000 years ago. Its roots are found in the Middle East countries of the world during the Bronze age. 3. Presently about 15 million people follow Judaism and are called as Jews.
A Jew should and must make a false oath when the Goyim ask if our books contain anything against them. Stealth-Utszabot, the Book of JoreDia 17
Their most popular formulation was Maimonides’ thirteen principles of faith which were developed in the early 12th century and every Jew is destined to follow these thirteen principles.
Their sacred scripts are generally in Hebrew.
The declaration of this belief appears throughout the Jewish source texts, including in the key prayer known as the Shema
Stealth-Utszabot, the Book of JoreDia 17
- Tenth of Tevet
Just as the soul fills the body, so God fills the world. Just as the soul bears the body, so God endures the world. Just as the soul sees but is not seen, so God sees but is not seen. – The Talmud.
This presently has followers between 5 – 7 million people who are called as Bahá’ís. This religion was founded in 1863 by Bahá’u’lláh in the Middle East countries or the Persia. From those postulates stems the belief that God tells his will through divine messengers, who are sent to convert the individual of humankind and to develop moral and spiritual characteristics.
Their sacred scripts are generally in the Middle East countries or the Persia.
The core concepts for Bahá’í teachings: the unity of God, the unity of religion, and the unity of humanity.
The God and universe are believed to be eternal and God is beyond the expectations and imaginations of ordinary humans. The Bahá’í meetings happen in individuals’ homes or otherwise the local Bahá’í centers. Worldwide, there are currently seven Bahá’í Houses of Worship, with an eighth near completion in Chile. They have 11 Holy days of which in 9 days their works are suspended.
- Bahá’í New Year
- Declaration of the Báb
- Ascension of Bahá’u’lláh
- Birth of the Báb
- Birth of Bahá’u’lláh
“The earth is but one country and mankind its citizens” ― Baha’ullah,
“To every discerning and illumined heart, it is evident that God, the unknowable Essence, the Divine Being, is immensely exalted beyond every human attribute…Far be it from His glory that human tongue should adequately recount His praise, or that human heart comprehends His fathomless mystery“ – (The Kitáb-i-Íqán)
“Regard man as a mine rich in gems of inestimable value. Education can, alone, cause it to reveal its treasures, and enable mankind to benefit therefrom“ – (Tablets of Bahá’u’lláh, Lawh-i-Maqsúd)
Also known as Rum, is an ancient Chinese philosophy founded by The Supreme Sage Kung-Fu-tau (Confucius) and Second Sage Meng-Tzu (Mencius) about 2000 years ago in China. Confucius proclaimed himself as a transmitter of the values of China’s Zhou Dynasty, which was rooted in politeness and consideration for others.
It is considered as one of the official religions of China and is followed in the Eastern countries like China Taiwan Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.
The present-day adherents believe that Confucian revival is approaching with the Holy Confucian Church established in China.
The Key concept of this religion is Tian that refers to the nature or sky or the heavens which created the founder, watched and judged him.
I he Jii philosophy is known in Western literature as Confucianism because it had its beginning in the teachings of … Hsüah (Great Learning), and the Chung Yung (Doctrine of the Mean), have been the holy scriptures of the Chinese people.
- Chinese New Year
In practicing the ordinary virtues and in the exercise of care in ordinary conversation, when there is a deficiency, the superior man never fails to make a further effort, and when there is excess, never dares to go to the limit. His words correspond to his actions and his actions correspond to his words. Isn’t the superior man earnest and genuine? 2165: Doctrine of the Mean, Confucianism Doctrine of the Mean, Chapter 13, in Wing-Tsit Chan, Chinese Philosophy, Chapter 5.
Life is simple but we insist on making it complicated. – Confucius.
Founded by Nata Putra Vardhamana, known as Mahavira “Great Hero”, this religion originated in India about 2500 years ago. About 4.5 million followers are seen across the globe concentrated mainly in the central and northern India. The Jainism followers are called Jains.
Their sacred scripts are the Agamas and for these reasons, the Jains constantly work to attain salvation from the clutches of the physical desires and emotions.
In an older language called the Prakrit. Contemporarily,
There are two cults of Jains namely The Shwetambaras and the Digambaras.
This religion has parts the living beings into two – The physical perishable parts and the immortal souls.
The religion relies on the concept of selfless service to the fellow humans and emphasizes on Universal Brotherhood.
The religious scripture of the Jains is known as Agamas. These are also known as Jain Shruti. Jains however, have many other scriptures too.
- Mahavir Jayanti
A Sramana is so called because he behaves equanimous.Mahavira (Anuyogadvara, 708, gather 3)
A Sramana devoid of the knowledge of Adama does neither know himself nor others. Mahavira (Pravasanasara, 3/32)
The essence of all knowledge consists in not committing violence.The doctrine of ahimsa is nothing but the observance of equality i.e. the realization that just as I do not like misery, others also do not like it.(Knowing this, one should not kill anybody). Mahavira (Sutrakrtanga, 1/1/4/10)
The ethnic religion of Japan, Shintoism originated during the eighth century or so it is said. In the present day, about 81000 shrines are seen for the Shinto and about 85000 priests are there in the country.
There are five major sects of Shinto
- The shrine Shinto
- The imperial household Shinto
- folk Shinto
- Sect Shinto
- The Kushites
Contemporarily, the faction Shinto is developed in the latter parts of the twentieth century.
1. “What is Religion? How Do You Define Religion?” by Vexen Crabtree (2016)
2. Bellah, R. N. (1964). Religious evolution. American Sociological review, 358-374.
3. Taylor, Humphrey (October 15, 2003). “While Most Americans Believe in God, only 36% Attend a Religious Service Once a Month or More Often” (PDF). Harris Interactive. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-01-09. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
Their sacred scripts are generally in ethnic religion of Japan
Our eyes might see un-cleanliness, but let not our minds see un-cleanliness.
Our ears might hear un-cleanliness, but let not our minds hear un-cleanliness.
The holy books of Shinto are the Kojiki or ‘Records of Ancient Matters’ (712 CE) and the Nihon-gi or ‘Chronicles of Japan’ (720 CE). These books are compilations of ancient myths and traditional teachings that had previously been passed down orally.Sep 21, 2009
The worshiped gods and goddesses are broadly called as Kami and some of them are Amaterasu Omikami, the sun goddess. Hachiman, the god of war, Inari Okami, God of rice and agriculture and much more. Shinto festivals combine rituals with joyful celebration and these celebrations appreciate drinking and loutish behaviors.
If we keep un-perverted the human heart—which is like unto heaven and received from the earth—that is God. (Revelation to Mikado Seiwa)