Education

Top 10 Most Dangerous Animals That Are Deadlier Than You Could Imagine

Most Dangerous Animals

Wild Animals as we all know,  are by nature ferocious, dangerous, unpredictable, mischievous and not created to the service of mankind: Ferae Naturae. Most Dangerous Animals possess a wild streak and disposition.

Most of these animals are characterized by their sharp fangs, pointed claws or powerful muscles, yet these animals possess these striking features but are extremely deadly and dangerous than the former ones.

These animals kill most number of people a year and are difficult to fight off or avoid it. It is interesting to note that animal defence mechanisms are important to all animal life, to eat and to survive. Most of these dangerous animals adopt various defence mechanisms.

 

In The Article

1

The Deathstalker Scorpion

This Scorpion is one of the most feared members of the Buthidae Family. This arachnid is otherwise called Palestinian yellow scorpion, and in English, it is called by several names, the best known is The Death Stalker.

Distribution

It is found in North Africa and the Middle East. They are also spotted in Asia namely Iran, Israel, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and  Turkey among other places.

death-stalker-scorpion

Anatomy

As the name suggests it is yellow in color with horizontal stripes in gray color interspersed with orange- yellow. We can also see a dark vertical line that extends from the head to the beginning of the tail.

The tail has a dark part that contrasts with the yellow color of the rest of the body. There are two eyes on the top of the head while the other two pairs are along both frontal sides of the head.

Habitat

They live in arid and semi-arid zones which have a very high temperature. They live in spaces abandoned by the animals and under debris, sometimes they also invade homes.

Feeding

They feed on insects, types of Spiders, Centipedes, Earthworms and other types of Scorpions, at times of their own species. They are nocturnal creatures and hunt in the dark.

Poison

This is a highly venomous scorpion that causes unbearable pain in adults when stung, and in children, causes fever, coma, paralysis, convulsions and finally leads to accumulation of fluid in the lungs resulting in death.

This Scorpion is the second most dangerous animal species in the world.

Reproduction

This is carried out by the male and female scorpion after a courtship which involves dancing for several minutes. The female scorpion delivers about 35 to 87 of them, that are born after 122 to 277 days.

Threats

The young one and the adult scorpions have high mortality rates, they are commonly hunted by other types of scorpions, including The Death Stalker. They also display Cannibalistic Behavior.

2

The Salt Water Crocodile

This has the history of being the most dangerous animal that is known to eat everything from a water buffalo to even sharks. It is the largest species of the crocodile and are about 6 meters long and sometimes even attack human!!

 Habitat

They are found in India, South East Asia, and northern Australia. They are found predominantly in rivers, swamps and mangrove forests along the coastal areas.

Billabong is the Australian word for a pool or a lake that has been formed after the river has changed the course. You need to be extra cautious if you are near a billabong in Australia as they are the favorite haunts of the Salt water crocodiles.

salt-water-crocodile

 Anatomy

They have 66 teeth. They are around 5 meters, 16 feet long and weigh around 450 kgs. Larger species can grow to around 23 feet long, around 7 meters.

This crocodile’s eyes, ears, and nose are all positioned on top of its head and hence it can stay underwater for long with just showing the top of its head above water.

Diet

The saltwater crocodile is strictly carnivorous and feeds on fish, birds, and mammals that venture near the water edge. Their younger ones feed on smaller fish and insect.

Humans do not form a part of the crocodile’s diet but any person along the water edge will appear as any other mammal to the crocodile and will be a potential diet to it.

Reproduction

A female crocodile lays around 50 eggs in a small nest which may be a decomposing vegetation. It will take around 12 weeks for the eggs to hatch and the female crocodile will keep a watch over the eggs during the incubation period.

Eggs

After the eggs hatch, she will help the younger ones to reach the water and keep a watch over them till they are able to disperse on their own, in the weeks to come.

Baby

The baby salt water crocodile appears pale yellow- green and has black stripes and spots. Once the crocodile turns older, these crocodiles turn darker and mark become less visible.

Dangerous Animal

The Salt water crocodile is a dangerous animal in the water. It appears scary, lying in wait underwater, for its unsuspecting prey and lunging at it at lightning speed when its prey nears it.

This dangerous animal is known to kill 2000 people per year and it is also known to make use of a technique called “death roll” where it untiringly flips its prey over in the water until it drowns and comes apart.

3

Wandering Spider from Brazil

This spider is considered as one of the most poisonous spiders, and the highlight feature of this animal is its tendency to move from one place to another, earning it the nickname “The Wandering Spider”. Highly aggressive and swift, it’s better to make way for this tiny little venomous giant. This spider belongs to Ctenidae family of spiders for your kind information.

Location

This spider is commonly found in Brazil apart from Central and South America. Belonging to the Phoneutria fera species, they are usually found in the jungles of Paraguay, Peru, Columbia and Costa Rica. They are known to hide in wet and dark places like shoes, cupboards, shelves, between wooden piles etc. Also called as “Banana Spiders”, heaps of bananas is also their favorite hiding spot.

wandering-spider-from-brazil

Traits

These spiders usually have leg span ranging from 4 to 5 inches. They are big in size, hairy spiders with eight eyes and two quite big. They are fast movers; red jaws to show anger. This spider is however not a Tarantula and these spiders are brilliant hunters.

Habitat

It is easy to spot these spiders in thickly populated areas and it is this factor which makes it even more dangerous for the humans.

Diet and Reproduction

Sometimes mice, lizards or even crickets are their favorite preys. When it comes to reproduction, it is easy to identify the male from the female with the help of their bulbs. Not more than 3 years, the Brazilian wandering spiders have a life cycle of around 1 to 2 years.

Venom

The spiders belonging to the species of Phoneutria fera has one of the most painful venoms among its counterparts.

It is very important to take the person immediately to a doctor if he/she is bitten by a spider belonging to the family of Ctenidae. Overall, the Brazilian Wandering Spiders are not only small in size but are also dangerous in nature.

4

The Blue Ringed Octopus

Now we have the Blue-ringed Octopus which is just about the size of a golf ball but don’t ever go by the size of it! It would surprise you to know that this dangerous creature can hold venom to kill 26 grown adults and there is no antidote for it.

Toxins

This dangerous octopus is the size of a palm but this deceptive critter produces a Lethal toxin called Tetrodotoxin.

blue-ringed-octopus

Defence

It uses it to defend itself from its enemies and this toxin is produced in the salivary glands of this dangerous animal by a bacteria. The same toxin is present in two other dangerous animals namely the puffer fish and cone snails.

Diet

This dangerous animal’s diet includes other crustaceans like shrimps, crabs and sometimes even injured fish. It bites its victim with its beak and once the victim is rendered powerless, it consumes it. It is also believed that mere casting of its venom near the victim makes it lifeless.

Range and Habitat

These dangerous animals are found in Australia, New Guinea, Malaysia, Japan, Philippine, and Indonesia. Mostly they are found in shallow bottoms of the sea, reef, small stones, crack and sandy bottoms. They are sighted in muck diving spots in the world.

5

The Poison Dart Frog

This is one of the most colourful amphibia and world’s most dangerous animals and is found in the tropical rainforests of Central and South America.

Poison

It is loaded with enough poison that can kill as many as 20,000 mice. And with as little as 2 micrograms of its poison you can stop the heart of a large animal and what is the worst part is that this poison is located on the surface of this amphibian.

poison-dart-frog

Characteristics

These dangerous animal species are very small, 1.5 cm, though some of them grow up to 6cm in length. They may weigh around 1 oz. generally.

They are brightly colored as most of the dangerous animals, which is a mechanism to warn of their predators and enemies.

Reproduction

These dangerous animal reproduce by laying eggs, in moist places like plants, among exposed roots leaves. When these eggs hatch, the adult frog carries its young ones on its back to the water, which might be a pool.

Tadpoles

The tadpoles are fed by its mother with unfertilised eggs that are laid at frequent intervals until the young ones metamorphose.

6

The Cape Buffalo

The African Buffalo or the Cape Buffalo is a highly unpredictable, dangerous and a huge animal weighing around 906 kg. It is known as “Widowmaker” or “black death” in Africa for causing more fatalities, goring, trampling and killing people than any other large animal on the continent.

Size

The water buffalo is the largest Bovine and are 8 to 9 feet in length from head to its rump, with its tails adding to an extra 2 to 3.3 feet. They are massive in size and weigh 700 to 1200 kgs.

The African Buffalo is impressive too though smaller, 130 to 150 cam long and weighs 425 to 870 kgs.

cape-buffalo

Habitat

They are sighted in tropical and subtropical forests of Asia. The African Buffalo is never too far away from a body of water, always within a radius of 20 km from a water body.They take a nap under the shade of a tree during the day and graze in the night in the cool air.

These dangerous animals live in groups called herds and feed on grass and herbs. They also eat shrubs and trees when they are unable to find grass or herbs in their habitat. The water buffalo also eats aquatic plants too.

Offspring

The Buffalo, like most mammals, gives birth to young ones called calf, one at a time and will carry it for a gestational period of 11 months before giving birth.

The young calf is under the care of the mother for 3 years. The male calves will be get grouped in the male head and the female calves will remain with the female herd.

Lifespan

The lifespan of an African buffalo is around 26 years, based on a survey conducted by the University of Michigan.

 

7

The Cone Snail

The cone snail has never mentioned anywhere as being one of the dangerous animals because no one can perceive a snail to be venomous and capable of killing its victim.

This snail is a native to the Indo- Pacific Ocean, and it lives here and feeds on the ocean floor.It feeds on the fish and kills its prey with a harpoon laced with poison.

This creature seems unassuming and if one of the larger species of these snails were to sting you, it can be fatal, causing muscle paralysis, respiratory failure and in some cases, death too.

cone-snail

Common Names

These dangerous animals are also called by other names like Cone Snails, Cone Shells or Cones. These names represent a large group of small to large sized Predatory Snails, MarineGastropod Molluscs.

Venomous

Because Cone Snails are poisonous and dangerous animals and are capable of stinging, humans should never handle a live one. This sea creature strikes without a warning and it can be fatal.

Feeding Habits

The larger cone shells are more dangerous and prey on smaller fish that dwell in the bottom of the sea, the smaller ones feed on the marine earthworm.

Sting

The Cone Snail Venom are mainly peptides that vary in their toxic effects. Some of them are highly toxic and fatal for the human.

The smaller Cone Snail’s sting may be like that of a Bee sting but the larger species of the tropical Cone Snail are very dangerous.

Medical Substance

The most interesting fact about this dangerous underwater animal is that its venom is found to be the source of a new medically significant substance.

Conclusion:

We as humans need to know that the Earth, its Ecosystem, and its Creatures are all interconnected. All the species on the earth are dependent on the others for survival and Humans are no exception.

We, humans, may be disconnected with nature but we rely on animals for our well-being. It would be amazing to know that animals help humans by performing their natural roles in the environment.

And what more! We are actually benefiting from the services of the animals for free!!

8

The Polar Bear

Polar Bears are among the most dangerous animals in the world.  This is the largest bear, a carnivore weighing 680 kg. which has no natural predator and will eat anything that is meaty, even other polar bears.

This creature is limited to Artic region and hence does not cause so many human deaths. It is menacing, has lethal claws and attacks human at great speed without any hesitation.

Characteristics

The Polar bear’s fur is dense and prevents almost all heat loss. An adult bear can quickly heat up its body when they run.

polar-bears

Appearance

It is interesting to note that its fur is not white but appears so. The hair shaft is not pigmented and transparent and hence it scatters and reflects light much like Ice and Snow.

The Polar Bear looks whitest in high angle sunlight and they have a thick layer of fat under their black skin to keep them warm.

The Polar Bear’s paw designed not only for use on land, but they are suitably adapted for use in water too. Their forepaws act as large paddles add their hind paws as rudders.

Habitat

 This dangerous animal’s home is on the sea ice and the size of a polar bear depends on the availability of its prey, seal in its habitat.

Carnivore

These large carnivores don’t have a territory their habitat is always moving. They are natural runners and can run as fast as 40 kilometers per hour, but they cover only short distances.

Adaptation

The Polar Bear is adapted to Artic life. They are good swimmers and divers and this helps them to travel from one ice floe to another. They can also swim under the ice and their bodies thrive in stark temperature.

Behaviour

The Polar Bear has certain strange behaviors and it is interesting to note that these dangerous animals are also capable of displaying some gentler behavior through body language, vocalization and scent markings.

The following are some of the gentler behavioral traits exhibited by these dangerous animals with their loved ones.

 Head wagging from side to side indicate that these bears want to play.

Nose to Nose greeting is a way when a bear asks the other for food.

Chuffing is a vocal response by the mother bear under stress, worried for its baby’s safety.

Scolding, a low growl made by the mother bear is upset with its young cub.

Rushing is when a male bear approaches the female bear with its cubs, the female bear rushes towards him with its head lowered.

Also interesting to note these dangerous animals also exhibit warning signs to show that is in anger and attacking mode:

Hissing, Snorting, lowered head

It signifies aggression.

Loud roars or growls

Signifies warning may be in defense of food.

Charging forward with its head down and ears laid back

This signifies that the Polar Bear is in the attack mode.

Moving downwind of dominant bears

It is an expression of submission.

Lifecycle

The Female Polar Bears follow the pattern of mating, denning and birthing.

Mating

Mating happens in Spring between April and late June, when the snow begins to melt and days become longer.

Denning

Denning happens in Fall and Winter after the female bear feeds throughout the Summer and Fall. The female Polar Bear begins to build a maternity den. This is where she would give birth to her cubs, nurse them until Spring.

Den

To build a den, the Female Polar Bear will dig a small Snow Cave, just enough for it to live in. Then she waits for the snow to close the entrance.

Birthing

Birthing happens in Winter. Most of the Polar Bears are born in Winter in December. The mother bear gives birth to one, two or three cubs and twins are most common.

Emerging

The Polar Bear families emerge from their Dens in a month of March or April when the cubs are strong enough to survive the climate and trek through the sea ice.

Young Ones – Cubs

Now the mother bear teaches the young cubs to live and survive in the Arctic. The cubs stay with their mother for a period of 2 to 2 ½ years. This is when they learn to hunt, swim and survive in the harsh weather.

Hunting

It is interesting to note that the Polar Bears are on the top of the human chain and the only threat to it apart from humans are other polar bears.

Prey

The main prey is the ringed seal which is high in fat and calories that keep the bear healthy. They depend on the sea ice to spot and catch most of its prey.

Feeding

Another interesting fact about this dangerous animal is that these bears feed exclusively on seal fat, their cholesterol levels drop lower than that of fasting polar bears. This is so because of the protective quality of Omega-3 fatty acids found in the meat of the Seal.

9

The Box Jelly Fish

The most venomous and dangerous animal on earth that is considered deadly to the humans too is the Box Jelly Fish. It may not look dangerous but their sting could be enough to send you to a watery grave.

This is another underwater creature that kills number than a crocodile, sharks and stone fish put together.

box-jelly-fish

Venom

Its venom is so potent that most of the times, treatment consists of last minute CPR. It is considered to be “world’s most venomous animal.”

Dangerous Animal

The Box Jelly Fish is considered one of the most dangerous animals, its venom is as lethal as a Black Widow Spider.

Appearance

The Box Jelly Fish and other Jelly Fish look similar, jellyfish except that instead of the dome shape jellyfishes shaped like a box, and from each of its 4 corners hangs a short stalk.

Tentacles

Each short stalk bears one or more hollow tentacles. Some species of the Box Jelly Fish have tentacles of 10 feet in length.

Venomous

The most venomous species of the Box Jelly Fish is the Irukandji, which is also the smallest.

Eyes

They have eyes, 24 of them, makes them possible to find its prey, also distinguish between light and dark.

Habitat

They are found in any warm coastal region. Some of these species are found in tropic and sub tropic ocean – the Atlantic to the East Pacific, some species are found as far as Northern California.

Commonly Found

The most lethal species of Box Jelly Fish are found in regions near North Australia. They also inhabit the Hawaiian water around Florida.

Sting

The symptoms of a sting by this deadly animal includes unbearable pain, itching, rashes, and welts. It these symptoms is left untreated, it will result from diarrhea, swelling of the lymph nodes, nausea, muscle spasms, leading to coma and even death.

Protection

Exercise caution if you are planning deep sea diving.

An ideal way to protect yourself from these dangerous animals would be wearing pantyhose or full body lycra suits to prevent a box jellyfish sting, one of the most dangerous animals found undersea.

This is so as the box jelly fish sting is triggered by the chemicals present on the skin and not by heat or movement

10

The Black Mamba Snake

This snake is also called as“death incarnate” by some experts and is dangerous in nature. It is aggressive, fast and attacks without any provocation.

Characteristics

Contrary to the name of this dangerous animal, this snake is brown in color, sometimes olive to grayish shades. It’s bellies are paler.

Colour

They are named Black Mamba after the color of the inside of its mouth, which is inky black, and it shows it mouth to warn its enemies.

black-mamba-snake

Habitat

These dangerous creatures are prevalent in the South and East Africa’s Savannas grassland, rocky hills and open woodlands.

They are found resting in crevices of the rock, hollows of the tree, burrows or termite mounds.

Fastest Creature

It would be interesting to note that can move faster than most people can and that might be the reason that this poisonous creature is considered the most dangerous animal.

Interesting Fact

Another interesting fact is that there are also Green Mambas and that these dangerous animals have no predators and the only threat to it, is habitat destruction.

Diet

These dangerous animals eat other smaller animals and birds, while there are claims of these snakes having been found with whole parrots and fully grown cobras inside their stomach.

Flexible Jaws

It eats its food as a whole and has flexible jaws that can accommodate food, four times the size of its head into its mouth.

Reproduction

These dangerous animals mate during the summer and spring season and males vie with each other to capture the attention of the females.

Eggs

After mating, the female snake lays anywhere between 6 to25 eggs in damp and warm places. The female snake leaves the eggs to hatch.  About three months later, babies are born of 16 to 24inches in length.

Snake Bite

A Black Mamba can kill a human with just 2 drops of its venom, and this venom contains neurotoxin like that of a deadly Cobra or Coral snake.

Toxin

This toxin causes the nervous system to shut down, paralyzing its victim and without antivenom, the fatality of the bite would be 100 percent, sometimes within just 20 minutes of the bite.

However, in most cases, victims would succumb to the bite of this dangerous creature, in 30 minutes or sometimes 3 hours or longer.


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