Health

From Top To Bottom – 10 Important Health Checkups That Can Save Your Life

Health Checkups
Health Checkups

As you age, the necessity to undergo health checkups to save our life becomes a pretty regular affair.

In fact, we should face- from stroke to diabetes, cancer to heart ailments; these diseases threaten us as the years roll by.

Moreover, nowadays, people are ready to take care of their health and avoid inevitable situations.

Therefore, let’s learn about the 10 most important health checkups that can save your life before it becomes too late.

In The Article

1

Bowel Cancer Screening

As a matter of fact, bowel cancer tops the list just behind lung and breast cancer. In all honesty, at present, more and more people are diagnosed with this disease.

While in very rare cases young adults are diagnosed but in general, people above the age of 60 are more susceptible. Especially, men are more prone than women.

♦ What is bowel cancer screening?

Bowel cancer screening helps people detect and identify potential troubles before a person exhibit a symptom.

♦ What the test actually involves?

FOBt or Faecal Occult Blood Test requires participants to gather stool samples and then send the same to a lab for further analysis. In several places, people over the age of 60 are screened every two years.

♦ Why is bowel cancer test very important?

Bowel cancer is fast becoming one of the major sources of illness and the sooner we detect it, the treatment becomes simple. Importantly, the chance of survival also increases with early detection.

♦ What really happens?

The sample provided by the participant is screened for blood traces and if found, a re-test is ordered. However, the patient will need to pass the colonoscopy to confirm whether they have bowel cancer or not.

2

Cholesterol Tests

Cholesterol is one of a kind fat that’s passed around the body via the blood. Furthermore, high amounts of cholesterol can block your arteries and make you more prone to a stroke or heart attack.

♦ What is a cholesterol test?

Also known as lipid profiling, this test measures the complete level of cholesterol. It helps to find out whether you are prone to heart disease or not.

♦ What the test actually involves?

This test checks blood levels of HDL or LDL cholesterol along with triglycerides. Suppose if your cholesterol hovers over 200 and your LDL shoots over 130 or your HDL is around 40 or less, then you are facing a grave risk.

In other words, you are at a higher risk of getting a heart attack. Also, Apo B test is used to measure the presence of fat particles. Additionally, an increase in cholesterol levels also indicates the susceptibility of gallbladder disease.

♦ Why are the tests important?

The lipid profile test measures HDL, VLDL, LDL, and other parameters such as total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. For instance, if your values cross the normal limit, you can reduce your cholesterol level by changing your lifestyle.

♦ What really happens?

Finally,  you can maintain good health by opting for regular exercise and diet. However, if you are genetically prone to heart disease, then your doctor may suggest statins or any other suitable medication.

3

Skin Tests

When you approach a skin specialist, they check the moles and early detection can help you cure anything serious. Do not panic because most moles are not malign but the possibility of developing malignant melanoma is not ruled out.

♦ What does a skin test consist of?

If you notice something suspicious like a change in shape, size, or color of a mole, then do not hesitate. Kindly ask your family doctor to make a thorough test before coming to a conclusion.

♦ Why is skin test important?

Cases of melanoma are on a rise for the past decade and with early detection, chances of a cure are even more bright. Also, you can self-check all your moles once a week or so and contact your doctor if you find anything suspicious.

♦ What are the things you should keep in your mind?

You should monitor moles for a change of color (blue, tan, black, and brown), size ( bigger than a normal eraser), or border.

♦ What happens next?

Surprisingly, melanoma can occur anywhere in the body that is quite difficult to check yourself. For example, genital, gums or eyes. Moreover, a complete body check-up is recommended.

4

Eye Tests

An eye test will not show the condition of your eyes but it can detect symptoms of other conditions you may be unaware of.

♦ Why an eye test?

An optometrist will check your eyes and the region around them. They will examine or check for signs or abnormalities.

♦ What an eye test consists of?

The optometrist or the eye specialist will shine a normal torch into your eyes. And he will ask you to read some letters. For instance, tonometry checks for inner eye pressure while ophthalmoscopy examines the color and shape of the nerve.

♦ Importance of an eye test

An eye test has the capacity to reveal conditions including glaucoma and diabetes. If any issues are found with the test, then your doctor will order further tests.

♦ When should you check your eyes regularly?

You can have your eyes checked regularly by the time you reach 40 years. Not to mention, your ophthalmologist can recommend other tests such as-

  • Pachymetry ( to check the cornea thickness)
  • Gonioscopy ( to examine how the iris and cornea work together)
  • Perimetry (a thorough examination of the visual field)

5

Breast Cancer Screening

Breast cancer screening can reveal the existence of breast cancer quite early on. In general, it consists of undergoing an X-ray test of each breast and its called “Mammogram”.

♦ What is the use of a breast cancer test?

Particularly, for women aged 50 or more, a yearly mammogram reduces the chances of breast cancer at least by 16%.

However, the mammogram can pick up cases that do not throw up any signs. Also, at times, some can end up with unnecessary treatment and tests.

♦ What the test actually involves?

Each breast is separately placed in turn and then compressed using a plate in the x-ray machine. Even though the compression lasts less than 30 seconds, many women find it difficult to manage.

♦ Why is breast cancer screening important?

In many countries, around 1 out of 8 are normally diagnosed with this type of cancer. The first screening for breast cancer will normally be done after your 50th birthday but before your 53rd birthday.

♦ What happens next?

The results will be known within a fortnight and in certain cases, further tests will be ordered.

6

Cervical Screening

Cervical testing is a type of test conducted to detect uncertain abnormalities which will help to prevent cancer.

♦ What the test contains?

A trained technician or a doctor inserts “speculum” or a special instrument and open’s the woman’s private part. Then, the doctor will use a brush to carry a sweep test around the cervix.

♦ Why should you undergo a cervical test?

At present, more and more cases of this disease are diagnosed year after year. Moreover, with the screening, the number of cases has reduced drastically.

♦ When should you do this test?

All women in the age group of 25 to 64 are required to take this test once every 3 or 5 years. After the test. In most cases the results are normal. But, there are cases where further investigation and treatment are recommended.

7

Lung Cancer - CDT Lung Test

In general, lung cancer remains as one of the deadliest cancer in the world. Moreover, the survival rate is almost 16%.

♦ What’s the test all about?

This blood test functions by measuring auto-antibodies manufactured by our immune system in reply to lung cancer nutrients. According to experts, auto-antibodies are detected as early as five years before you actually catch a tumor on the CT scan.

♦ Why it’s important?

The purpose is to catch tumors as soon as possible when they are not as big as a golf ball. Therefore, the chances of survival for these patients automatically increases.

♦ What do the results reveal?

Results are almost correct with a very marginal error percentage of 7% or less. The high-risk category includes ex-smokers and smokers normally between 40 years and 75 years of age.

Note – These people are advised to take this test once every two years.

8

Colon Cancer Screening

This test detects colorectal cancer way before the signs are visible. Importantly, this cancer can be cured if detected early.

♦ Importance of Colorectal Cancer Test

In this test, colonoscopy, the doctor guides a lighted, flexible tube inside the rectum. They search for polyps which remain the number one source of most colorectal cases.

♦ How the test functions?

Unfortunately, the test may not always prove effective because colonoscopies are normally done once every 10 years.

Also, the physician with the longest inspection time will find more polyps than a doctor with less inspection time.

Taking all these things into consideration, a slower test can make a world of difference.

9

Oral Cancer Screening

Firstly, there is a lack of standard screening procedure and in most cases, these cancers reach the lymph nodes. Also, your doctor will also check for abnormal red or white patches.

Finally, if you are addicted to alcohol or tobacco, then you should take this oral cancer screening.

10

Prostate Cancer Test

♦ Why is Prostate cancer test important?

In fact, there are two types of test. They are prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal exam. In the latter, the doctor checks the rectum for any abnormalities or lumps.

Moreover, PSA examination is performed to check the PSA level in the blood.

♦ How to prevent or control prostate cancer?

Most experts 4.0 ng/mL actually is normal and more the PSA, the risk of prostate cancer is quite high. All in all, various conditions like prostate infection, enlarged prostate, and certain medications can also increase your prostate levels.

Therefore, you better follow your doctor’s advice on this matter.


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