Lifestyle Pets

English Lab – Must Know Facts About English & American Lab

The English Lab or English Labrador dog stands out as one amongst the fantastic breeds of dogs that exist, worldwide. The salient features of a Labrador dog are:

  • It has a good bonding with its owner and can fascinate many people.
  • Holds the quality of running in large open spaces and it has a habit of bringing things back and learning to retrieve things with ease.
  • Can swim very well due to the webbing that is present between the toes on their paws.
  • Seen to be mostly in brown, black and yellow skin complexions.
  • The English Labrador dogs appear sturdy with a big head, broad chest and shorter legs.
  • Majorly, in the UK it is found to be used as a pet animal and as a companion while going for hunting.

See Also : Answers to What Fruits, Nuts, Vegetables, Meat & Processed Food Can A Dog Safely Eat

In The Article


English Lab Facts

English Lab Size/Weight

A normal male English Labrador dog stands 22.5 inches to 24.5 inches in height and weighs between 70 pounds to 80 pounds.  The height of a female English Labrador dog is normally 21.5 inches to 23.5 inches and its weight is 55 pounds to 70 pounds.

The occurrence of canine obesity is very much seen in an English Labrador dog. A clear understanding of the requirements of this dog is required to avert its weight gain or weight loss problem where some changes in your (owner) food feeding habits are necessary.  Extra weight will lead it to face severe joint problems in its future life.

English Labradors have a real penchant for food but it must be curtailed since it can become bulkier. The working dogs always tend to show more hunger during the winter season when compared to the summertime of a year. Giving a fair amount of exercises to this dog will make it stay healthy and happy.

English Labrador Life Span

According to a UK breed survey conducted a couple of years back, it was reported that the average lifespan of an English Labrador is 12 years and odd months. Some Labradors in this category could even be alive up to the age of 19 years.



English Labrador Temperament

The traits of an English Labrador dog are its tranquil and laid back temperament. These dogs are also friendly and kind. However in some cases, certain Labrador dogs will display lack of energy because of that natural calm nature, a quality notable in most of the dogs in this breed.

It is rarely seen that they can go out of our control because it has that tendency of playing along with other dogs.  English Labradors, if given good exercise and other training will definitely stay as a cool mate for us at home.


English Lab Vs American Lab

There are some notable differences between an English Lab and American Lab on certain counts despite no unanimous agreement.

English Labrador American Labrador
In terms of temperament:

English labs display calmness in its character

American labs are outrageous by nature
In terms of body structure:
English Labradors have block heads, shorter legs, and otter-like tail
American Labradors have thin heads, long legs, and a whippy tail
In terms of body weight:
English Labradors are 60 lbs to 85 lbs.
American labs weigh between 70 lbs to 120 lbs
In terms of height:
English Labrador stands 21.5 inches to 22.5 inches tall
The height of an American lab is 21.5 to 24.5 inches



English Yellow Lab

The English yellow lab works well as a blind’s guide dog. More than it’s colour, the English yellow labs are iconic and are more popular for their friendliness and companionship.


To start with, the English yellow labs were initially culled as they were not popular with their breeders. In addition, “Ben of Hyde” was the first recognized English yellow lab dog.

Size, Weight, Life Span

Females are known to weigh anywhere between 24 kgs to 31 kgs and can stand 54 cms to 59 cms. On the other hand, males stand 75 cms to 62 cms. They weigh between 29 kgs to 36 kgs.

The English yellow labs are expected to live up to 13 years of age and this breed takes a year more than other breeds to turn adult.


If these yellow labs are grown as a hunt or a farm dog, they will remain very loyal to their owner. English Yellow labs possess a skill known as the soft mouth and this means they can hold things like eggs in their mouth and still not crush them.

Bear in mind, these dogs have excellent stamina and are widely renowned for their swimming skills. By nature, they have strong tails, webbed paws, and strong back legs to aid them in water.

Overall, English yellow labs are patient, good-natured, trustworthy family dogs full of energy and enthusiasm.


These dogs work well as assistants and guide the disabled in their day to day tasks. Also, English Yellow labs are seen in police work as well.

Finally, they are excellent as working dogs.

Types of English Yellow Lab

Generally speaking, there are commonly two types of yellow labs.

Type one contains black pigment. This variety features black colour around the eyes and on the muzzle while remaining yellow in colour.

Type two features yellow labs with black noses. And, a rare type, Dudley ones have pink feet, nose, and rims. However, Dudley English yellow labs have zero pigments.


These breeds need very less grooming and English yellow labs undergo moderate shedding either in fall or spring.


English Chocolate Lab

The most admiring feature in the English Chocolate Labs is their bright sparkling eyes. In general, they have beautiful chocolate eyes and at times pink noses.

Moreover, this breed contains a very pleasing temperament and a loyal disposition. Therefore, English Chocolate Labs are used more in emergency rescue missions and also as a blind service dog.

Size, Weight & Life Span

The official breed size information is around 57 to 62 cms for males and 54 to 60 cms for females. As far as weight is concerned, female English Chocolate labs are anywhere between 24 kgs to 32 kgs. And males weigh between 29 kgs to 36 kgs.

Typically, English chocolate labs are expected to live anywhere between 10 to 12 years and some even touch 14 years of age.


English Chocolate labs are excellent swimmers and they are mainly bred for hunting purposes. Additionally, these dogs have pleasing, curious, and agile temperament along with unlimited energy for outdoor activities.


Young English Chocolate lab puppies need early socialization training and puppy classes for overall development.

They are full of energy and are ideal for walking on the leash.

To sum up, these dogs appear the cutest and sleekest of all labs and they are quite fun to be with.


American Lab

In general, AKC or American Kennel Club does not differentiate between the labs. However, for practical reasons, people are quite content with two different breeds of Labradors. They are show type labs and hunt dogs.

An Introduction

American Labs are also called as “Hunting” or “Field” Labs and are native to America. In fact, American Labs also takes part in dog shows or show ring, but they don’t perform that good like their counterpart.


The American Lab has a slim, light-toned body. They look more athletic and are always “ready to go” and very agile. Also, the face and skull of an American Lab are much narrow than their English counterparts. Their muzzle looks longer and better than their partner lab, the English Lab.

American Labs have a thinner coat with long and thin necks which create more athletic and sturdy look.

Furthermore, the tails of these breeds are much thinner and some of them even have curls. With long legs and slim body, American labs appear much lankier than English labs.


Being bred for field trials or work, this dog consists of more drive and energy compared to its English counterpart.

Since they are active by nature, the American labs need frequent attention and exercise. Not to mention, the more energy at their disposal could be based on the fact that these dogs were initially bred for hunting.

In essence, the American labs are good at retrieval and with their long muzzles and legs, they are good at sniffing.


The American labs are considered as better dogs when it comes to training. For example, even an untrained owner may feel comfortable walking along with this breed.

In addition, these dogs have a quick body and an active mind and are more happy to please their owners.

Also, the American labs are normally more focused and responsive to training and dog agility is their strength.

Overall, if you are looking for a trainable, focused, and sensitive hunting dog, American labs are a better choice.


Training An English Lab

The primary focus while training the Labrador breed of dog is it must be a fun-oriented training method.

There are four kinds of training methods that can be deployed for training an English Labrador breed dog such as traditional, modern, balanced and crossover.

The working style of traditional training method was done with the thought that dogs are pack animals and that a dog will obey the person he respects as the leader of the pack. The traditional school of training was that training method where mostly, the owners and trainers used to train their dogs in an arrogant manner with limited importance to its well being.

The modern training techniques adopt the behavioral science method when it comes to training dogs. Animal trainers are eager and in a state of readiness to find ways of taming the animals. Various experiments have been conducted in this regard and the results have been closely observed. There have been noticeable changes happening in this regard for the past 20 years.


Interesting Facts On English Labrador

  • The Labrador is a very popular dog breed in England.
  • Initially, the Labrador was a dog breed that was used by game hunters like an assistant, for bringing the hunted birds back in a completely as-it-is state, without causing any harm.
  • Considered as one of the most largely exploited dog breed where globally, the military and police forces use it for sniffing purpose.
  • Very good swimmers because they have webbed toes. This webbing can also effectively act as a snowshoe in colder climates, as it keeps snow from collecting between their toes.
  • Some celebrities who have a Labrador dog :

♥  Bill Clinton owns the Buddy chocolate Labrador
♥  Steve Marin owns the Roger yellow Labrador
♥  Prince Charles has the Harvey yellow Labrador


English Labrador Health Issues

The English Labradors suffer from a variety of health diseases like muscular dystrophy, distichiasis, exercise-induced collapse, diabetes, entropion and tricuspid valve dysplasia. Apart from this, minor diseases like hypothyroidism, retinal dysplasia, hot spots, central progressive retinal atrophy, and cataract are also notable.

Muscular dystrophy


Labrador dogs when encountering muscular dystrophy will feel difficulties like stiff muscles, swallowing toughness, muscle atrophy, loss of excess mass and few others.

Medication is only available for this disease condition where the drug, Glucocorticosteroids could be administered.



Distichiasis is a medical condition notable in Labrador and many other dogs where extra hairs grow on the eyelid. The symptoms are recurrent blinking, squinting and blinking its eyes.

The treatment of this disease is needed only when severe conditions like irritation, conjunctivitis, or corneal ulcerations happen to the dog due to the extra hair growth on its eyelid. The veterinarian ophthalmologist needs to be consulted on which is the best treatment to go for.

If the Labrador dog suffers from diabetes, the symptoms can be known through the related indicators like weight loss, excessive drinking water, and appetite changes.

The most common treatment for dogs is intravenous insulin shots. As there are no over-the-counter insulin treatments, the vet will have to prescribe a type of insulin and a dosage based on the Lab’s level of glucose, size, age, weight, gender and the pet’s daily insulin levels.

progressive retinal atrophy disease


Labrador dogs are mostly seen to be prone to suffer from progressive retinal atrophy disease, early in its life. The symptoms of PRA comprises: poor vision in dim light, dilated pupils, remain indoors during the dark time, the slow response of pupils to light and a green shine to the eyes.

However, it is widely stated by the vet medical community that a permanent cure is highly improbable, certain tests can be done to prevent and even alleviate the severity of the progressive retinal atrophy disease.


Labrador dogs is caused by lymphocytic thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland) or idiopathic thyroid gland atrophy (shrinking of the thyroid gland). The symptoms of hypothyroidism are excessive hair shedding, intolerance to cold, mysterious weight gain, dry coat, and continual ear, skin and toenail infections.

The veterinary doctor usually prescribes hormone replacement therapy for your affected Labrador dog through the intake of Levothyroxine, an oral drug.  This drug helps the Labrador to retain normal metabolism in its body

Retinal dysplasia


Retinal dysplasia is another major disease seen in Labrador dogs. It is different for Labrador Dogs of European descent and American descent. The clear signs of retinal dysplasia comprise of diminishing vision, abrupt complete vision loss or congenital (from birth) blindness.

There is no definitive treatment still for this disease since it comes under the inherited category. Prevention of the offspring from inheriting this disease can be averted by not breeding dogs that have been diagnosed with retinal dysplasia order.

The signs of exercise-induced collapse in Labradors are mainly caused by:

  • Weakness after 5-15 minutes of strenuous exercise
  • Lack of coordination
  • Dragging on rear legs
  • Dazed, confused appearance
  • Collapse
  • Staggering, falling to one side, or difficulty maintaining balance is common during recovery

Firstly, the treatment of exercise-induced collapse syndrome in a Labrador dog must begin with stopping it from doing the strenuous exercise. Then, decrease its excitement level. Finally, based on the nature of prescription of a veterinary surgeon, phenobarbital and sedative drugs could be administered on it.




Cataract is a disease that can also affect Labrador dogs. The key symptoms of cataract in a Labrador are: change in its eye color ( an inflamed eye condition), incompetence in doing its usual activity/activities and pain.

The normally adopted treatment for cataract is surgery. But, the body condition of the Labrador dog to accept such surgery is the key point for a surgeon to decide. The dog will get back its normal vision completely, only if the owner carefully follows the aftercare instructions of the veterinary surgeon.


Entropion is also a commonly notable disease that affects the eye/s of dogs, including Labrador. The symptoms of this disease are excessive tearing and watery eyes, eye redness, eyelid swelling, difficulty in opening the eyes specifically during sunlight, squinting, corneal rupture, depression, and pain.

The best treatment usually adopted for Entropion disease is the eyelid surgery. The ophthalmologist veterinarian surgeon will remove a small piece of tissue directly from below the eyelid (if entropion is on the lower eyelid) and the two sides of the remaining tissue will be pulled together and sutured. General anesthesia will be applied to the dog for this surgical procedure.

Tricuspid valve dysplasia


Tricuspid valve dysplasia Labrador dogs are also noted to suffer from tricuspid valve dysplasia syndrome. The symptoms range from distended stomach due to fluid accumulation (ascites), heart murmur, exercise intolerance, dyspnea due to lack of oxygen in the bloodstream and rapid heartbeat.

Generally, the treatment that is prescribed for this condition is the use of digoxin, angiotensin enzyme inhibitor, and furosemide.  However, fluid retention could be enabled by giving diuretics. With respect to improving the flow of blood in the heart,   can be very valuable.

However, if these drugs do not seem to cure the ailment of the dog, the dog can be recommended for surgery to a veterinarian cardiac surgeon. The veterinarian specialist will examine the condition of the dog to confirm as to whether it will be fit or not for surgery.



Hotspots is a disease that occurs in a Labrador dog due to bacterial infections and the symptoms notable are skin irritation and inflammation.

The first step while treating the affected dog is to remove the hairs that lay around the hot spot of the dog so that this area can be taken up for cleaning. Secondly, the following treatments that are frequently noted to be given for hot spots disease in a Labrador dog are:

  1. Topical treatment can be applied on the affected dog through use of creams, ointments or sprays so that the bacteria can be destroyed. The dog can feel a gradual reduction in its inflammation and pain.
  2. The dog can even be treated by use of oral antibiotics that are mostly given to it for a period ranging from three to four weeks if required for even some more time.
  3. Corticosteroids are even used as a treatment for the dog so as to help it stop suffering from the pain and itchiness that occurs because of inflammation.
  4. Antihistamines may be useful for the dog to manage the itchiness.


English Labrador Puppy Price / Breeders

It seems that the price of an English Labrador puppy in the UK pet market comes with a price tag in the range of anywhere between £650 to £850. This is an amount that has been stated for a puppy that is well bred and keeping good health.

To list out a few names that sell English Labrador puppies:

English Lab for sale in the United Kingdom 

  1. Lovely Chocolate Labradors
    Address: Lutterworth, Leicestershire
    Telephone: 07724600386
  2. Llanstinan Home Farm
    Address: Letterston Haverfordwest SA62 5XD
    T: 01348 840 676
    M: 07768 272 745

English Labrador dogs for sale in the US at

  1. Delian Labradors
    Address: 1689 east county road 300 north
    Center Point, Indiana
    Tel: 1-812-201-6942
  2. Wild Slough British Labradors
    Address: Le Center, Minnesota
    Tel: 612.327.2898
  3. Excalibur Labradors
    Address: 229 Perry Hill Rd. Acushnet, MA 02743
    Telephone: 508-951-3179

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