We have heard and seen people being bullied in school, and at the workplace. Nowadays, the internet or mobile phone are turning into bullying hotspots. Bullying is an unwanted and harmful aspect of the society. It consists of the use of threat, force, coercion to abuse, intimidation or aggression towards others. Let us discuss various viewpoints of bullying and bullying facts in this article.
In The Article
What is Bullying?
It is very important to know what bullying actually is. It is an aggressive repeated behavior where one person or a group of persons in top management deliberately abuse, coerce or intimidate an individual with the intention to hurt him/her emotionally or physically.
The bully aggression is done to certain people due to their–
- Sexual orientation or other aspects of disability
Bullying consists of 3 important characteristics:
- First, the aggressive behavior is intentional and deliberate and is done to hurt the other person.
- Next, this deliberate intentional action is done repeatedly to hurt the person or group of persons.
- Thirdly the person who bullies is superior to physical and social power than the person who is bullied.
It is to be clearly understood that bullying is quite different from other conflicts. Many children during adolescence can be rude or unkind to each other as they refine their social skills and grow into adults. It can take many forms of physical assault, teasing, making threats, name calling and cyberbullying. Next, we will discuss the types of bullying.
Types of Bullying
There are various forms/types of bullying; some types are easy to handle whereas difficult ones are not for all.
There are mainly 4 Types of Bullying:
Bully aggression takes a multitude of physical forms like pushing, pinching, tripping, kicking, hitting or even damage one’s property and asset. This form of aggressive behavior can cause both long term and short effects. A kind of physical onslaught is found more common among children.
This form of bullying that is done verbally includes insults, name-calling, teasing, intimidation, verbal abuse and remarks that can turn up to a particular social behavior or a community. It may first appear to be harmless but later have far-reaching consequences.
Social bullying is more common in the society; it is used as a tool to hurt an individual’s stature and cause humiliation.
It could take various forms such as:
- Playing nasty jokes to embarrass and humiliate
- Telling lies and spreading
- Negative facial behavior or physical undertones, menacing or contemptuous looks
- Perform or support social alienation
- Mimicking unkindly and
- Damaging a person’s personal image
It is even called as clandestine bullying where digital technologies ranging from a computer to smartphones are involved. Some applications like instant messaging, texts, websites, social media and other online platforms are also used. It includes
- Deliberately avoiding others online
- Emails, written text, visuals or video that is abusive and hurtful
- Gossip and rumors that are nasty in nature
- Identity theft is also part of Cyberbullying
Bullying in Schools
Bullying at school is a serious social happening. It can appear in various forms such as
- Between student-to-student
- Young adults bullied by their seniors
- Or a teacher himself/herself becoming a part of the problem
Here are some important categories of school bullying:
- The first category of school bullying is pack bullying that is done by students who physically group. It is largely found in high schools and lasts for a much longer time than individual bullying. Pack bullying might be done physically or emotionally by a group or could be in a cybercafé or perpetrated in person. When in person, it could take place in schoolyards, sports fields, school hallways, classrooms, gymnasiums or school bus.
- Pack bullying might be done physically or emotionally by a group or could be in a cybercafé or perpetrated in person. When in person, it could take place in schoolyards, sports fields, school hallways, classrooms, gymnasiums or school bus.
- Individual bullying takes place either in person or online and could be physical or emotional. This style is found more in elementary school and can take place where pack bullying survives as well as in secluded small places like the bathroom.
Next, it would be advisable to discuss the aspect of the impact of bullying in school.
The impact of Bullying in School:
- Bullying in school can have a wide-ranging impact on
- Bullied child
- Bully himself/herself
- Those who were silent spectators to bullying
- Overall atmosphere in the school and community
- The child bullied will not feel safe in school. He/she will experience depression, a low self-esteem, have health problems, get poor grades and also have thoughts of suicide.
- The observers of the bullying incident may also feel unsafe in the environment. They will feel fearful, powerless to act, guilty of not acting and be tempted to participate.
- Students that bully intentionally are more likely to get into more frequent fights than their peers who not bully. They are more likely to indulge in
- Drinking and smoking
- Steal and vandalize property
- Therefore perform poorly and perceive a negative climate in the school.
- Bullies may also carry a weapon.
- Schools that have bullying issues that are not acted upon are more likely to develop an environment of fear and disrespect. Students may have difficulty in learning and may also feel insecure. Most students of the school dislike school and feel that the teachers and staff have very little control and care less for them.
Bullying in Workplace
Bullying is not confined to children alone. There could be bully aggression even in the workplace. Workplace bullying is the health-harming, repeated mistreatment of one or more persons by one or more perpetrators.
It may take various forms like:
- Offensive conduct or behavior that is intimidating, humiliating or threatening.
- Verbal abuse
- Sabotage or work interference that interferes with the completion of the work.
It is wrong to assume a case of workplace bullying by just a single incident. To constitute a bullying behavior it has to be persistent and prolonged in nature. Next, it is to be carried on by one or more persons against one or more persons that are targets. Also, it should be done with the intention of harming the target.
This has a devastating effect on the emotional well being of the targeted persons.
The impact of Bullying in the Workplace:
- Bullying at the workplace could include berating people, excluding others, stealing credit, making snide remarks and unfair criticism.
- Other impacts include various physical and psychological effects. This includes stress, panic attacks, anxiety, insomnia or trouble in sleeping, hypertension, and ulcers. Bullying at the workplace could also have an adverse effect on the performance at work.
- The bullied worker could have the incapability to concentrate and to work, may have a low self-esteem or experience a loss of it and may have lower productivity.
- They may lack motivation. Victims are preoccupied with thoughts of how to defend themselves, how to avoid the bully and to get support by networking.
- Bully victims will constantly ruminate about the situation and worry how to deal with it.
- Bullying at the workplace may reduce-
- Create a hostile work environment
- Promote absenteeism
- Impact workers compensation claims
- Embarrassing and costly legal issues
- It may encourage unnecessary use of sick leave, health care claims and staff turnover. This may increase costs to recruit and train new employees and result in erosion of employee loyalty and commitment. Bullying at the workplace might cause a poor public image of the workplace and higher risk of legal action.
How to Stop Bullying?
Bullying in school is more common and significant. Here are ways by which we can stop this menace:
- Look out for
- Signs of lost or destroyed personal items
- Unexplained injuries
- Avoidance of school or other social situations
- Changes in eating habits
- Pay close attention and engage the children in open-ended questions and encourage conversation.
- Do not ignore the signs. Different children will have different levels of coping.
- What may seem like teasing could be devastating and humiliation to the other.
- Take note of these signs seriously and offer help and reassure them.
- Avoid the bullying increasing by addressing all questionable behavior immediately. Take the help of other adults if the situation gets out of hand and refer to your school anti-bullying policy.
- Deal with students individually. Seek help from bystanders. Cultivate one-to-one-communication. This will enable each one to tell the story without worrying what others will think or say.
- Remain calm and model the respectful behavior you expect of others. The students involved should be reassured, and the bystanders should be let go on to their expected destination. The students involved should be reserved separately for a safer place. Also, make sure to offer medical aid where need be.
- Listen and don’t pre-judge for it is quite possible that the bullied student could be retaliating or a “bully’s” cry for help. Do not make an assumption but listen to each child with an open mind.
- Do not allow the bully and the bullied to settle the matter amicably. Take the behavior very seriously and plan to get to the bottom of it. This makes the bullied and the bystanders feel empowered and that someone will finally listen to their concerns and be fair about outcomes.
- Get appropriate professional help rather than make any assumptions. Refer the bully and the bullied to a counselor, nurse, school psychologist, social worker, or another appropriate professional.
Read More : All Your Bullying Questions Answered
According to recent statistics, bullying is becoming very frequently among the youth. Unfortunately, statistics show that this practice is on the rise among young adults, teens, and children with cyber-bullying.
Bullying has become more and more common among today’s youth in places like school and online, conferring to latest statistics. There are different forms, of which related statistics reveal almost half of all students have experienced.
Here are a few recent bullying statistics:
- According to the National Center for Educational Statistics, more than 1 out of 5 almost 20.8% students reported being bullied.
- The U.S. Department of Education in 2015 has recorded the prevalence of bullying in the year 2005 at 28%.
- Reports from Petrosian, Guckenburg, DeVoe, & Hanson, 2010 mentions 64% of the children who were bullied did not report it with only 36% reporting it.
- As per reports from Hawkins, Pepler, & Craig, 2001 about 57% of the bullying stop when a peer intervened on behalf of the student being bullied
- The McCallion & Feder program introduced in 2013 reported a drop in bullying by up to 25%.
- The Davis & Nixon 2010 mentions that
- About 55% of the students were bullied for looks
- 37% were bullied for body shape
- 16% were bullied for the race
Top 10 Bullying Facts
Here are 10 top facts about bullying:
- Every day about 160,000 teenagers skip school because of bullying.
- More than 3.2 million students become a victim every year.
- Almost, 17 out of 100 cases being reported about bullying. Americans are at receiving end.The frequency of bullying is reported at least twice or thrice a month per se.
- About 25% of the teachers find nothing wrong with it and only 4% of them intervene in time.
- Only about 30% and 40% of boys and girls respectively by the age of 14 discuss their problems with their classmates about bullying.
- Repeated bullying makes 1 in 10 students drop out of school.
- About 71 out of 100 students report bullying as a problem in school.
- The incidence of physical bullying is noted to be on a rise in school at elementary.
- This level reaches the peak by the time students reach higher classes and drops sharply while they are in high school.
- Verbal abuse remains constant and menacing even after students reach higher grades.
- Boys are less sympathetic to victims of bullying. At times they add to the problem rather than stop it.
- Every 9 out of 10 in 4th to an 8th-grade report of having been victims of bullying.
Cyber Bullying Facts
This kind of bullying is done using electronic gadgets such as
- Cell phone
- Communication mediums like text messages, social media sites, chat, and websites.
Other techniques include
- Rumors sent by email or posted on social networking sites
- Mean text messages or emails
- Embarrassing pictures, videos, websites
- Creating fake profiles
Cyber Bullying is Different From Others
- Kids are also affected by cyberbullying and it can be 24×7.
- These messages and images are posted anonymously and spread quickly over a wide range of audience. It often becomes difficult to trace the source.
- It is very difficult to delete inappropriate or harassing messages, texts, and pictures because it is not under our control.
- Young children who are affected could take to alcohol and drugs.
- They may skip school or get very low grades in school. They may have a very low self-esteem and may have other health problems.
10 Bullying Quotes
“When people hurt you over and over, think of them like sand paper. They may scratch and hurt you a bit, but in the end, you end up polished and they end up useless.” – By Chris Colfer
“Life is a ﬁght, but not everyone’s a ﬁghter. Otherwise, bullies would be an endangered species.” – By Andrew Vachss
“With ignorance comes fear – from fear comes bigotry. Education is the key to acceptance.” – By Kathleen Patel
“All I wanted to do was go back inside to the library and read a book. I used to spend all my time reading books, or watching television. It was safe. Nobody ever was hurt or teased or looked stupid while reading books or watching television.” – By Kathryn Magendie
“What if the kid you bullied at school, grew up, and turned out to be the only surgeon who could save your life?” – By Lynette Mather
“Bullying builds character like nuclear waste creates superheroes. It’s a rare occurrence and often does much more damage than endowment.” – By Zack W.Van
“Often the right path is the one that may be hardest for you to follow. But the hard path is also the one that will make you grow as a human being.” – By Karen Mueller Coombs
“The common mistake that bullies make is assuming that because someone is nice that he or she is weak. Those traits have nothing to do with each other. In fact, it takes considerable strength and character to be a good person.” – By Mary Elizabeth Williams
“Believe that life is worth living and your belief will help create the fact.” – By William James
“Remember always that you not only have the right to be an individual, you have an obligation to be one.” – By Eleanor Roosevelt