Lifestyle

Snapdragon Flowers – Finest Addition To Your Garden

Snapdragon Flowers
Snapdragon Flowers

Do you know that the Snapdragon flowers originated in Mediterranean region, especially in Spain and Italy? The Snapdragon flower resembles the dragon and hence the latter’s name was also included in its name. The fliers have either single or double hued coloured petals.

They grow year-round but largely seen in the spring and summer seasons. Snapdragon flowers are used for decorating cakes and pastries, as a dressing on salads, spring rolls and more. Let us now analyze.

In The Article

Health Benefits Of Snapdragon Flowers

Snapdragon flowers carry rich medicinal value. It has its own share of value in the traditional medicinal method. The benefits of this flower are:

  • Useful in treatment of haemorrhoids – Hemorrhoids, generally known as piles is treatable using the snapdragon flower because of the latter’s herbal value. The Snapdragon flower reduces inflammation levels and promotes smooth blood circulation. The swollen blood vessels and painful areas in the anal region will be drastically decreased by this herb.
  • Good for treating mild burn injuries – Snapdragon is quite popular for curing minor burn injuries. The poultice made from the snapdragon flower, when applied on the burn-affected areas of the body will give that soothing effect and relieves the skin from the burns.
  • Avoids occurrence of skin infection – The poultice from snapdragon flower possess astringent and anti-inflammatory properties wherein it can effectively heal wounds and also decrease the inflammation caused by the wounds. This point clearly indicates that skin-related infections are never given the space to enter the human body.
  • Decreases the level of fever – Snapdragon flowers do work as an effective traditional method of treatment in lowering the body temperature of a person affected with high fever. The dried flowers and leaves of Snapdragon carry real medicinal value wherein the poultice that is extracted is recommended for people who feel weak. It acts as a stimulant for such people.
  • Helps to get rid of urinary tract infection – Snapdragon flowers contain moderate diuretic properties. This feature enables the production of urine and removal of bacteria from the urinary system in people with urinary tract infection.
  • Removes all the impurities in the liver – The preparation made from the extracts of a Snapdragon flower will play an efficient role in removing the toxins from the liver. Considering the enormous importance of the liver, the Snapdragon will be doubly valuable in providing relief from the related diseases.
  • Good for treating boils and abscesses – Like said earlier, the Snapdragon flower carries astringent and anti-inflammatory properties. The flower extracts have that ability to cure even severe boils and abscesses. This treatment method is also one of the traditional healing methods
  • Detoxification of harmful substances in the blood – The toxic substances and other wastes that are settled in the blood will be removed. The snapdragon flower poultice stimulates the production of urine and reduces the blood pressure levels.

Snapdragon Flower Facts

  • Snapdragon flowers have been cultivated right from the 1700s itself.
  • Largely attracts butterflies and bees.
  • In the language of flowers, Snapdragon flower symbolizes deceit.
  • In Asia, Snapdragon Flower is nicknamed as “rabbit’s lips” while in Holland the flower is called as “lion’s lips”.
  • Ancient folklore believed that Snapdragon flowers possess supernatural powers.
  • There are 40 varieties of snapdragon flowers.
  • Snapdragons can be considered as both annual and perennial plants where some perennial plants are grown as annual plants.

Snapdragon Flower Diseases

  • Soilborne fungus creates dark spores and spreads in water.
  • Black root rot emerges when the roots start to decay and the top of the plant gradually erodes towards death.
  • The plant’s stem is attacked by a cottony rot in the form of a huge black fungal growth.
  • A downy mildew makes the tips of the leaves get converted into a mild green colour and starts curving downward.
  • The surface of the leaf is completely damaged by the white powdery mildew fungus.
  • The rust results in the formation of purple and dark brown powdery spores on the leaves and the stems.
  • Verticillium wilt, a fungus that lives on the soil will penetrate through the roots of the plant and rots one side of the plant.
  • The water-mould root will rot the stunt and will suddenly make the plant to fall down.

Snapdragon Pests

  • Mites
  • Snails
  • Pillbugs
  • Corn earworm
  • American serpentine leafminer
  • Beet armyworms
  • Tobacco budworms
  • Foliage feeding caterpillars
  • Aphids
  • Slugs
  • Thrips

Snapdragon Flower Types

The botanical or scientific name of Snapdragon flower is Antirrhinum. Mostly, Snapdragon flowers grow in cool late-spring or early summer climates. Likewise, the flower blooms best on the well-drained and moist soil while it requires full sunlight for proper growth.  Snapdragon flowers blossoms in different colours that portray different meanings like: white, pink, yellow, orange, red, purple and in bi-colour form (dual colour).

1. Based on Size

Snapdragon plants are classifiable into dwarf, tail and intermediate.

♥ Snapdragon Dwarf 

dwarf-snapdragon

The dwarf plants normally grow in height to a range of 6 to 15 inches. The early flowering flowers grow up to a height of just 8 inches and have long blooming and open-faced blossoms. It is possible that the plant might even grow to a range of about 14 to 24 inches. The cultivation of dwarf plants is undertaken in window boxes, grown in a garden along with other bedding plants and border fronts.
Examples of Dwarf Plants

  • Floral Carpet
  • Tom Thumb

Snapdragon Tall 

tall-snapdragon

The height of these plants can be between 30 to 50 inches. Usually, tail snapdragon plants are grown in cutting gardens and back borders. For example, the Madame Butterfly variety of Snapdragon is a plant that grows up to the height of 3 feet and can produce exotic cut flowers. It is a double blossom variety flower.
A few other names of tall plants:

  • Animation
  • Rocket
  • Snappy Tongue

Snapdragon Intermediate (or) Medium

Normally, they grow between 15 and 30 inches. The plant is cultivated on either mixed borders or as bedding plants on a garden. For example, the Black Prince hybrid can reach a height of 18 inches. These plants can sustain cool or wet weather. The Liberty Snapdragon is another popular plant that falls into this category.

Snapdragon Trailing 

trailing

They have an excellent floral groundcover where they can even be planted in window boxes or hanging baskets.
Some examples include

  • Fruit Salad
  • Luminaire
  • Cascadia

2. Based on Plant Categories

Common Snapdragon 

common-snapdragon

These are annual flowers which grow, flower, form seed and die within just a single growing season. They can survive winter if they are planted in a warm and sheltered location. There are various sizes of plants. Tall plants grow 2 to 3 feet in height, short plants grow 9 to 12 inches and dwarf plants are 4 to 9 inches.
The structure of this flower is two-lipped and tubular. It appears in colours like yellow, pink, red, purple and white, orange. Some flowers also appear in dual colours. These snapdragons bloom early in the summer season and will flower in the fall season.
Scientific Name –  Antirrhinum Majus
Family Name – Plantaginaceae
Height  –  6 to 48 inches
Bloom Period – March to May and September to November
Colours – Pink, orange, red, yellow, peach, purple, white and bi-colour
Soil type requirement – Moist and well-drained soil
Exposure – Full sunlight
Tolerance to climates – Spring, Summer and Fall
USDA (US Department of Agriculture) Hardiness zone – 9 to 11
Perennial/Annual plant – Perennial plant in native (hot and humid) region and annual in other (cold) regions

Summer Snapdragon 

summer-snapdragon

These snapdragon flower plants grow as herbaceous perennial as well as annuals. These plants grow straight and reach up to 12 to 18 inches in height. The flowers carry a fragrance that is notable in an apple. It blooms throughout the summer and is suitable to grow in hot conditions.
Scientific Name – Angelonia Angustifolia
Family Name – Scrophulariaceae
Height – 1 to 2 feet
Bloom Period – June to September
Colours – Pink, purple, red, white, blue and bi-colour (two colours)
Soil type requirement – Moist and well-drained loamy soil
Exposure – Full sunlight
Tolerance to climates – Heat, humid and drought
USDA (US Department of Agriculture) Hardiness zone – 8 to 11
Perennial/Annual plant – Perennial plant in native (hot and humid) region and annual in other (cold) regions

3. Based on Flower Color

It is generally known that within each kind of plant and flower there are various kinds of colours. Apart from the single colour type, snapdragons do have multicoloured flowers.  For example, Lucky Lips is a flower that comes in purple and white colours.

It must be noted that certain seed mixes can also grow into plants which give flowers in various colours. For example, Frosted Flames is a varied mix of Snapdragon flower plant. Frosted flames contain a mix of mid-sized snapdragon flowers in multiple colours.

4. Based on Flower Type

Snapdragon flower varieties comprise of single-blossom and double-blossom types.

Single blossom flowers

single-blossom-flowers-snapdragon

These snapdragon flowers have a dragon jaw shape. The other variety of flower is the butterfly type which contains fused petals and forms into a butterfly-like shape. For example, Chantilly is a butterfly variety snap.

Double blossom flowers

double-blossom-flowers-snapdragon

The double blossom flowers are commonly called as double azalea snapdragons. For example, the Double Azalea Apricot can be mentioned.

5. Based on Foliage Color

Green foliage is findable across many snapdragon flowers. However, there are some flowers like
Bronze Dragon – Dark Red to Black foliage
Frosted Flames – Green and White foliage

6. Based on Lifetime

Annual Snapdragon

annual-snapdragon

These snapdragon flower plants will only have one growing season to grow from seed to bloom stages and then die in the same season.

Perennial Snapdragon

perennial-snapdragon

Perennial plants have a lifetime of the minimum of three years and even a maximum of 20 or more years. They will return year after year and keep growing until maturity stage. Normally, perennial snapdragon plants are not replanted on a yearly basis. A few gardeners will involve in replanting certain perennial flowers if they indicate a decline in growth. Perennial plants can be subcategorized into deciduous and evergreen perennials.

Perennial Snapdragon is one of those perennial flowers that grow only during a part of the year and rests for the remaining time. Theses plants have a peculiar characteristic. They will be perennial flowers in their native region but can be an annual flower in other regions. In native climatic conditions, snapdragons will be perennial flowers that can survive the winter season. If we consider this plant for other regions, it will be an annual plant that dies in winter.

Snapdragon plants are even called as half-hardy annuals or frost-tender perennials.

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