The steaming cup of tea which you’re sipping right now may indicate an active life ahead. Moreover, studies suggest tea contains fluoride. Furthermore, tea remains the second best drink customarily served piping hot or iced.
Therefore, you read further to find out which tea is healthier between green tea vs. black tea.
Can green tea aid ward off disease? Is black tea better than green tea? Does green tea contain caffeine? To start with, all tea varieties including green and black come from a single plant source- Camellia sinensis. Green tea obtains its existence from the rich emerald green colour formed when brewing unfermented, unprocessed tea leaves.
Green tea’s health properties are widely regarded in the far east. Moreover, the origins of green tea date back more than 5000 years ago.
Different Varieties/Types of Green Tea
- The basic difference between black and green tea results from the distinct manufacturing process.
- Green tea largely stays unprocessed and maintains its colour. On the other hand, black tea goes through fermentation which converts its flavour and colour.
- Green tea grows in higher ranges, more particularly the hilly places of East Asia. Certain green tea varieties are handpicked. Handpicked teas yield a rich taste and taste less bitter. Green tea flavour also gets affected due to soil and climate changes.
- Sencha green tea is the best known green tea from Japan. There are several grades which affect the quality and price. Moreover, sencha leaves are rightly first steamed and later shaped. Sencha tea exhibits a nice clear green/yellow tea with a grassy, sweet but distinctly astringent flavour.
- Another tea variety, matcha tea produced using green leaves grown specifically in the shade. Moreover, these leaves consist of higher chlorophyll content giving them a rich green colour.
Tips for Buying Tea Leaves
When purchasing tea leaves, avert older leaves. Once opened, store the leaves in a secure airtight container.
Health Benefits of Green Tea
In case, you have planned to consume green tea as medication, consult your family doctor.
- Green tea contains more health benefits compared to black tea because of its lack of processing.
- Green teas consist of higher levels of protective polyphenols.
- The most important polyphenols present in this tea are flavonoids. Some of the flavonoids are epigallocatechin gallate and catechins (EGCG). These flavonoids act as powerful antioxidants.
- Antioxidants protect the body fighting diseases and remain an integral part of a sound healthy diet.
- Antioxidants are present in unprocessed foods, vegetables, and fruits.
- In conclusion, green tea functions as a great source of antioxidants as part of a sumptuous meal.
How Much Caffeine Present In Green Tea?
|Tea Variety per single cup||Quantity of Caffeine in mg|
|Rooibos redbush||Zero mg|
|Floral herbal||Zero mg|
|Jasmine or Green Tea||35 to 80mg|
|Plain Black tea||More than 100 mg|
- Green tea definitely contains caffeine even though brands and types may vary. One cup of green tea consists of 35 to 80 mg of caffeine. On the contrary, a single cup of coffee contains 100 to 400 mg. Furthermore to add, green tea behaves like a stimulant.
- Other benefits of consuming green tea include an increase in mood and concentration and energy levels. This benefit varies from one person to another.
- Limiting the intake of green tea helps individual to prevent disruption in sleep patterns. Tea enthusiasts advise people to stop consuming caffeinated drinks after mid-day lunch.
How Green Tea Affects Iron Content?
Green tea consists of tannins. Tannins might interfere with the intake of iron content. Therefore, avoid drinking tea with a solid iron-rich meal. Consume tea one hour after a rich iron-heavy meal.
How to Prepare the Best Green Tea?
- Boil 220 ml water at 80 degree centigrade.
- Now, add green tea leaves of 2 g.
- Allow it to boil for at least 3 minutes. Then, strain and serve hot.
- Add lemon or honey based on individual choice. Avoid milk or sugar.
The fermentation process completely destroys the EGCG level. In terms of antioxidants, black tea scores less than green tea. Moreover, black tea consists of more caffeine compared to green tea. Adding lemon brings down the acidity level in the black tea.
Overall, black tea still provides certain health benefits but not as high as regular green tea.
How to Prepare the Best Black Tea?
- Boil water at 100-degree centigrade. 220 ml of water is sufficient.
- Similar to green tea preparation, add black tea leaves of 2 g.
- Let the mixture boil for 4 – 5 minutes.
- Now, strain the content and pour the hot tea into a cup.
- It is up to you to add milk, cream, sugar, or lemon depending on your taste.
Here, browse through the comparative breakdown between Black tea and Green tea.
Difference Between Green Tea and Black Tea
|Characteristics||Green Tea||Black Tea|
|Source||Camellia sinensis||Camellia sinensis|
|Appearance||Light emerald green||Varies from red-brown|
|Taste||Slightly bitter and mild||Very bitter and strong|
|Presence of Antioxidant||Yes||Yes, but less compared to green tea because of more processing|
|Popular names||Yame Tea, Thea Viridis, Thé Vert Sencha, Thé de Camillia, Japanese Tea, Green Sencha Tea, GTPF, GTP, EGCG, CPTV||Théaflavine, Thea Sinensis, Thé Noir, Thé Anglais, English Tea, Chinese Tea, Camellia theifera, Thea bohea, Black Leaf Tea, Red tea|
|Health Benefits||• Keeps skin healthy|
• Prevents tumour cancers
• Controls bone loss
• Subsidies headaches
• Manages diarrhoea, vomiting
• Help handle stomach issues
• Improves thinking capacity
• Generates mental alertness
|• Reduces the risk of cancer and heart troubles
• Handles low blood pressure
• Treats headaches
• Promotes information intake and memory skills
• Initiates learning and mental alertness
• Reduces symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
|Caffeine level||30 to 35 mg in a single cup||240-250 mg in a single cup|
|Oxidation capacity||Less amount of oxidation||Maximum amount of oxidation|
|Essential nutrients||Certain phytochemical compounds, zinc, selenium, manganese, chromium, ascorbic acid, tocopherols, carotenoids||Theaflavin and other nutrients|
|Best Consumed||Without adding milk||Depending on the taste, without or with milk. If required, add a tinge of lemon|
Both black tea and green tea offer plenty of health benefits ranging from warding off stroke to aiding weight loss. So, irrespective of the type, sipping three or more cups a day is as healthy as drinking lot of water. Where’s your teacup?